American comedian and writer Sarah Silverman, along with two other authors Richard Kadrey and Christopher Golden, has filed a lawsuit against Meta Platforms’ LLAMA and OpenAI’s ChatGPT for copyright infringement.
Meta and OpenAI allegedly used Plaintiff’s material to train their respective artificial intelligence (AI) systems without prior approval.
According to the court filing against Meta, several of the plaintiffs’ books appear under copyright in the dataset, which “Meta has admitted to using to train LLAMA.”
Similarly, in the case against OpenAI, the lawsuit alleges that when ChatGPT summarizes the plaintiff’s work, it is an indication of training through copyrighted material.
“The summaries are wrong on some details. This is expected because a large language model blends expressive content from many sources. Still the rest of the summary is correct…”
To obtain this data, the lawsuits allege the companies retrieved copyright data from so-called “shadow libraries” such as Bibliotik, Library Genesis, Z-Library and others.
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The lawsuit states that these shadow libraries are websites that use torrent systems to make books “available in bulk”. Such sites are illegal and contradict open-source data that comes from databases such as Gutenberg, which collect copyrighted books.
“These shadow libraries have long been of interest to the AI training community because they host large amounts of copyrighted material.”
Along with complaints of copyright infringement of their own individual works, the authors filed a complaint on behalf of a group of copyright owners in the United States whose works were also allegedly infringed.
Cointelegraph reached out to OpenAI and Meta for comment on the matter, but none had responded prior to publication.
In May, writers across the US, part of the Writers Guild of America, took to the streets in an authorized strike – the first in 15 years – that highlighted the industry’s many problems, including its use of AI.
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